School-wide positive behaviour support
Blackwater State High School is adopting a new strategy relating to behaviour management which will begin in earnest throughout 2010. Students will receive explicit instruction on what constitutes acceptable behaviour in the same manner and at the same time to ensure that all students are given the same message. The data extracted from pilot schools using this strategy has shown that it can be immensely successful at decreasing the low-level behaviour issues which can waste a lot of valuable classroom instruction time. This allows the majority of students to focus on the acquisition of knowledge for a larger percentage of class time which greatly enhances student outcomes.
School-wide positive behaviour support (SWPBS) is based on the following three principles:
- The building of effective environments in which positive behaviour is more effective and efficient than problem behaviour.
- A collaborative, assessment-based approach is the best way to develop effective interventions for problem behaviour.
- Emphasising the use of strategies based in prevention, instruction and re-inforcement will achieve meaningful and durable behaviour outcomes.
To be effective SWPBS has to reinforce staff and student behaviour by rewarding or acknowledging them for exhibiting appropriate behaviour and by withholding reinforcement when problem behaviour occurs. Staff and students will learn that the SWPBS process 'works' for them, because they are able to get what they 'want' but only through using appropriate behaviour.
'School-wide discipline is not achieved one student at a time. Successful
individual student behaviour support is linked to
host environments or schools that are
effective, efficient, relevant, and durable'.
Horner, Sugai and Horner 2002
Practically all behaviour serves a purpose or 'function' in the environment in which it occurs. Behaviour has two broad functions: to
access/get some thing, person or event
escape/avoid some thing, person or event.
Knowing the function of problem behaviour enables the formulation of more effective interventions.
More information can be accessed about SWPBS on the Department of Education website.